Darwin's Theory of Evolution
Darwin’s Theory of Evolution
In 1859, Charles Darwin’s seminal book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection was published and presented the groundbreaking idea that all species on Earth are the result of a slow process of evolution and continue to evolve as part of the struggle now commonly known as the survival of the fittest. Darwin’s conclusions were the fruit of many years of careful observation, but proved controversial because they challenged the prevailing religious dogma and revolutionized our understanding of the world around us. In just 50 minutes, you will learn about Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s contributions to biology and understand the major impact their ideas had on scientific thought in the 19th century.
This straightforward and informative book provides a thorough discussion of the ideas contained in On the Origin of Species and the observations they are based on. It also features biographies of Darwin and Wallace, a valuable introduction to the political, social and economic context and an evaluation of the impact of the theory of evolution, giving you all the essential information about the development of Darwinism.
About Darwin’s theory of evolution
The theory of evolution posits that the species are not immutable, as implied by creationism, but rather that they are the outcome of a slow process of evolution from a common ancestor. Darwin made the observations that laid the foundations of his theory of natural selection during his voyage on board the Beagle, and worked constantly to refine them over the next 20 years before publishing his revolutionary book.
This clear and accessible 42-page book is structured as follows:
- Darwin’s theory of evolution
- Political, economic and social context
- Britain all over the world
- The century of science
- Before Darwinism: Fixism vs. Transformism
- Charles Darwin
- Alfred Russel Wallace
- The theory of evolution
- A voyage on board the Beagle
- The time for questioning
- The Galapagos Islands and their finches
- Survival of the fittest
- On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
- Impact of Darwin’s work
- Religious and scientific opposition
- Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism
50MINUTES.COM – History